Day: August 18, 2013

General

The Four categories of Media

Print Media e.g. Newspapers and magazines with easy conditions of entry for publishers and editors, without differentiation between authentic, credible print media and on the other, a large number of “dummy publications”. Both types enjoy high levels of freedom of expression and in many instances also receive substantial benefits from Government-controlled advertising, irrespective of whether […]

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General

Negative facets of News Media

1. Lack of adequate, comprehensive training in print journalism and in broadcast journalism before persons are given the opportunity to become reporters, anchors, news readers, content controllers, etc. 2. Advertisers virtually dictate prime time content preferences by using a narrow, relatively non-representative, heavily urban and consumption oriented rating system to pressurize channels into cut-throat competition […]

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General

Positive facets of News Media

1. In place of historic monopoly, a new range of choice for citizens, in news source-brands and in languages: Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Seraiki, Pushto. 2. Candid, robust debate on politics and current affairs in Pakistan on a daily basis. 3. Instant news coverage for 24-hours a day, seven days a week, followed by simultaneous, […]

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Terms of Reference No. G Terms of Reference No. H Terms of Reference No. I

General Observations by the Commission on TOR Nos. G, H & I

1. Interaction with stakeholders, business, media and government entities. 2. Comments are not identified by name in the Notes of Meetings. 3. Observations and recommendations made by representatives. 4. Media houses have been systematically discriminated. 5. Hostility against independent journalism and editorial policy. 6. Misuse of powers to control advertising and secret funds.

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Terms of Reference No. G Terms of Reference No. H Terms of Reference No. I

Recommendations by the Commission on TOR Nos. G, H & I:

26. The Commission recommends that aspects covered by TOR No. G be brought to the attention of the Parliamentary Committee on National Security and the Standing Committees of the National Assembly and the Senate on Information & Broadcasting to recommend improvements in relevant policies and procedures so that the positive goals indicated in TOR No. […]

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Terms of Reference No. G Terms of Reference No. H Terms of Reference No. I

Findings and Observations on TOR Nos. G, H and I

(i) Does an official policy exist for the fair and equitable allocation of Government-controlled advertising to advertising agencies and media? (ii) If such a policy does exist, does the actual implementation of the policy suffer from concealed manipulation to favour particular advertising agencies and media? (iii) Is there scope for public money to be used […]

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Terms of Reference No. C

Observations and Recommendations by the Commission regarding TOR No. C

Article 19 & 19 (A) of The Constitution of Pakistan 1. A response to this particular Term of Reference No. C. 2. Nevertheless, the Commission provides a brief comment on this TOR No. C as follows: 3. As stated in the section dealing with TOR No. A, the sheer variety and volume of Information in […]

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Terms of Reference No. B

Recommendations by the Media Commission for the reform of PEMRA

Recommendations by the Commission on TOR No. B for the reform of Pakistan Electronic Media Regularity Authority (PEMRA). 1. Recommendations of the aims expressed in the legislation and models of regulatory forums. 2. Formulation of policy for unfair impact of foreign content. 3. Concerns and complaints of stakeholders should be addressed. 4. Reforms required in […]

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Terms of Reference No. B

Brief historical background of TOR No. B

Brief historical background: 1. Unlike privately-owned print media such as newspapers and magazines, electronic media such as Radio and TV commenced their existence in Pakistan in 1947, and in 1968 respectively, as State-owned entities, entirely subject to Government control. 2. This pattern was established by the colonial British government for all areas of South Asia […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Recommendations by the Commission regarding TOR No. A

The following Recommendations have been arrived at after the Findings, Observations and Summaries as recorded in the preceding text of this Section of the Report which deals with TOR No. A: 1. The Commission is of the view that the scope and the scale of information, the detail and speed with which information is generated […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Summary by the Commission of arguments in favour of Perspective Three

Summary by the Commission of arguments in favour of Perspective Three i.e. the complete abolition of the Federal Ministry of Information and the Broadcasting and the Provincial Departments of Information. 1. That in the 21st century, the generation of information has become so exponential and the nature of media, broadcast media, print media, social media, […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Summary by the Commission if arguments supporting Perspective Two

Summary by the Commission of arguments for Perspective Two i.e. that certain parts of the Federal Ministry of Information and the Provincial Departments of Information should be dismantled/abolished or reformed, and subsequently the Federal Ministry and the Provincial Departments of Information should continue to exist. 1. That the present status of the Audit Bureau of […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Summary by the Commission of arguments supporting Perspective One

Summary by the Commission of arguments supporting Perspective One i.e. to justify the continued functioning of the Ministry, consistent with Article 19 of the Constitution: 1. That the scale of complexity of both the Federation of Pakistan and four Provinces in terms of territory, population, demography, economic activity, agriculture, industry and the service sectors, aspects […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Existence of Ministry of Information in SAARC members state

In every Member-State of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) including Pakistan, which is a founding Member of SAARC since 1986, there exists a Ministry of Information either known by that name, or by a name similar to it. [agroup style=”” id=435] [accordion title=”Afghanistan” id=435] Ministry of Information and Culture. A 2004 media […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Existence of Ministries of Information in non-Islamic countries

Certain non-Islamic countries are also cited as instances of major nation-States where Ministries of Information exist, with recognized functions either under the name of the “Ministry of Information” or under the names of “Ministry of Culture/Arts/Heritage/Media” etc. but the latter of which partially, or substantially perform the role of an official oversight entity for the […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Government and Media in Islamic Cooperation (OIC)’s countries

Referring to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)’s countries, a sample selection of 25 of over 50 member-States is listed as examples where Ministries of Information or Ministries of Culture (covering Information as well) continue to exist in 2013. Such countries include Afghanistan, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Relationship between Government and Media in India

It is stressed that India, being the largest democracy in the world, continues to maintain the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting as a subject of the Union Government in New Delhi. The Indian Information Ministry has 24 departments, organizations and functionaries to administer.

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Terms of Reference No. A

Relationship between Government and Media in United States

Reference is also made to the US Government funding of the Voice of America (VOA) network of the USA which is, by law, mandated to project information only outside the United States in order to promote friendly relations with overseas countries and build global support for the USA.

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Terms of Reference No. A

Relationship between Government and Media in United Kingdom

Referring to the direct or indirect relationship between the Governments of advanced countries and the subject of media and information, it is contended that in the United Kingdom, the Central Office of Information existed up to 2012 in order to provide communications and marketing support to the British Government. The office was abolished in 2012 […]

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Terms of Reference No. A

Article 159 of the Constitution of 1973

Article 159 Broadcasting and telecasting of the Constitution of 1973. (1) The Federal Government shall not unreasonably refuse to entrust to a Provincial Government such functions with respect to broadcasting and telecasting as may be necessary to enable that Government: (a) To construct and use transmitters in the Province; and (b) To regulate, and impose […]

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