PBC

Terms of Reference No. D

State media were heavily lop-sided in favor of the Government

For example, except for brief and notable exceptions in 1970, 1988-89, 1993 (during a Caretaker Government tenure) 1996-1997 (once again during a Caretaker Government tenure) when these three State media entities maintained a reasonable balance to provide coverage to all major political viewpoints in the country, the news bulletins of PBC and PTV and the […]

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Terms of Reference No. C

Vital and essential role of state-owned electronic media

Thus, to recap: One view about TOR No. C is that, “Yes”, that the government and its instrumentalities have a valid right and role to be major players in electronic media and that this presence is entirely consistent with the fundamental right under Article 19 which it does not contradict in any way. From this […]

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General

The Four categories of Media

Print Media e.g. Newspapers and magazines with easy conditions of entry for publishers and editors, without differentiation between authentic, credible print media and on the other, a large number of “dummy publications”. Both types enjoy high levels of freedom of expression and in many instances also receive substantial benefits from Government-controlled advertising, irrespective of whether […]

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Terms of Reference No. C

Observations and Recommendations by the Commission regarding TOR No. C

Article 19 & 19 (A) of The Constitution of Pakistan 1. A response to this particular Term of Reference No. C. 2. Nevertheless, the Commission provides a brief comment on this TOR No. C as follows: 3. As stated in the section dealing with TOR No. A, the sheer variety and volume of Information in […]

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Terms of Reference No. F

Self-regulation by media organizations, media proprietors, journalists, practitioners for Elections 2013

Through self-regulation by media organizations themselves, by individual media proprietors, journalists, practitioners: a. The following representative bodies/organizations/corporations should be advised by the Election Commission of Pakistan to refine, practice and enforce their own existing Codes of Ethics: b. Either in part, or in whole, the Codes listed below include sections that are relevant to the […]

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